FEWD 19 @ GA

CSS Placement

Inline CSS

CSS can be placed inline, like so:

<p style="font-weight: bold;">It was the best of times, it was the wurst of times.</p>

Here, the style attribute is given some CSS as its value, in this case changing this one paragraph to be displayed bold.

Don’t do this.

In the <head>

We can also put styles in a <style> element, generally placed in the <head> of a document:

<!doctype html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>Something</title>
        <style>
            p {
                font-weight: bold;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <p>It was the best of times, it was the wurst of times.</p>
    </body>
</html>

This is better, because if we have more than one paragraph, they can all be styled, without having to give each one a style attribute.

<!doctype html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>My Website</title>
        <style>
            p {
                font-weight: bold;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <p>It was the best of times, it was the wurst of times.</p>
        <p>This paragraph will show up bold as well.</p>
    </body>
</html>

External Stylesheet

The generally preferred approach is to link to an external CSS file.

index.html:

<!doctype html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>My Website</title>
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="main.css">
    </head>
    <body>
        <p>It was the best of times, it was the wurst of times.</p>
        <p>This paragraph will show up bold as well.</p>
    </body>
</html>

main.css:

p {
    font-weight: bold;
}

What’s so great about this approach? It allows us to use the same stylesheet for additional pages of the site, so that styles can be shared.

For instance, we might have an About page:

about.html:

<!doctype html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>About Me | My Website</title>
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="main.css">
    </head>
    <body>
        <p>Even though this is a different page, it shares styles with the homepage by linking to the same CSS file.</p>
        <p>Now these paragraphs will be bold as well.</p>
    </body>
</html>

And now, any changes we want to make can be made using the one main.css stylesheet!

We will essentially always work this way in this class.